Ministry of environmental protection issues the 13th five-year plan for environmental protection on environment and health
In order to improve national environmental risk control ability, protect the public health, in order to promote environmental and health work, according to the environmental protection law "of the central committee of the communist party of the opinions of the state council about accelerate the construction of ecological civilization," the "healthy China 2030" planning outline of the planning of ecological environment protection in "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" spirit and requirements, the environmental protection department recently issued by the state environmental protection "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" environment and health work plan (hereinafter referred to as the "plan").
"Planning" adhere to the problem oriented, highlighting strategic, practical and operable, with the following characteristics:
First, we should adhere to the concept of prevention first and risk prevention and control. Active management of environmental pollution factors with high health risks to prevent, eliminate or reduce environmental pollution at the source is an effective means to minimize the occurrence of health damage problems or to weaken their impact. "Much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" period, the environmental protection department will continue to adhere to the "based on risk management is the core of the environmental and health work tasks" this concept, to promote environmental management to the pollutant total amount control, environmental quality management, environmental risk management, "the three overall coordination management transformation, through in-depth analysis of the present stage our country environment and health work is facing the situation, determine the major issues to be solved badly" much starker choices-and graver consequences-in "period, for the work environment and the health of long-term sustainable development to lay the good foundation.
Second, adhere to the problem - oriented set priorities. During the 12th five-year plan period, while making positive progress in environmental protection and health work, environmental protection departments are also confronted with outstanding problems that need to be solved, such as weak basic capacity and urgent progress in institutional construction. To this end, the "plan" from the survey/monitoring, standards/benchmarks, information construction, laboratory construction, talent team construction and scientific research aspects of the "thirteenth five-year plan" period needs to focus on strengthening the work. In addition, aiming at the present stage our country per 100 residents of 15 to 69 years less than 9 people in the environmental and health basic concept, basic knowledge and basic skills, "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" period, health and environmental quality monitoring and assessment systematically deployed to a targeted to carry out the public participation in environment and health and to provide basis for risk communication.
Third, we will adhere to the link with relevant laws and regulations on environmental protection. According to the development trend of the reform of the national environmental supervision system and the current national environmental laws and regulations, the plan emphasizes the principle that environmental protection departments "should do" and "can do" in setting specific tasks. The so-called "should do", mainly is based on recent countries have introduced important documents, the environmental health risk management related content to sum up, such as list, priority control chemical poisonous and harmful air pollutants, ecological environment monitoring network construction and ecological environment construction projects such as large data, do the planning task. The so-called "competent" refers to the fact that at present, scientific knowledge and technology are operable and environmental protection departments have the working basis and capacity, such as investigation, monitoring, standards and benchmarks.
In order to achieve the goals of the safeguard plan, the plan proposes safeguard measures from three aspects: strengthening organizational leadership, promoting pilot demonstration and increasing capital investment. Requiring environmental protection departments at various levels to do a good job environment and health into the construction of ecological civilization and the health of China's most important agenda, strengthen the management of environment and health work and collaboration between departments, at the same time, in the "planning" under the guidance, adhere to the pilot, the key breakthrough, trying to explore the experience of the form can be copied, can promote.